Sound files

As announced in the Korean and Punjabi chapters of BABEL, this page enables you to hear the pronunciation of several words in those languages. For Punjabi, scroll down.

(If you’re interested in my Babel-like language blogposts, go to the homepage. In the right-hand column, you can help yourself to a free subscription.)


감감 – kam-gam – in the dark

깜깜 – kkam-kkam – in the pitch-dark 

캄캄 – k’am-k’am – in a spooky, desolate dark 

빙빙 – ping-bing – round and round  

삥삥 – pping-pping – round and round, faster 

핑핑- p’ing-p’ing – round and round, in wider circles 

반짝 – pantchak – twinkle, glitter 

빤짝 – ppantchak – sparkle, twinkle brightly 

빙빙 – ping-bing (as above) – round and round  

뱅뱅 – paeng-baeng – round and round, in smaller circles 

끄똑끄똑 – kkŭttok-kkŭttok – nodding in a heavy way (no audio available yet)

까딱까딱 – kkattak-kkattak – nodding in a light way 

벅벅 – pŏk-pŏk – rubbing hard

박박 – pak-pak – rubbing, polishing

박 – pak – with a rip 

팍 – p’ak – with a strong rip

죽 – chuk – briefly, roughly 

쑥 – ssuk – abruptly 

발딱 – palttak – with a jerk 

픽 – p’ik – sudden fall 


ਘੋੜਾ – kòra – horse 

ਕੋੜਾ – kora – whip 

ਕੋੜ੍ਹਾ – kóra – leper 

Thank you, Ms jaejae0 (South Korea), Ms kje01080821286 (South Korea) and Mr Sukhjinder Singh  (Punjab, India), for recording, upon my request, some of the above words!